Invisible Disabilities Awareness

Invisible Disabilities Awareness – Did You Know?

Invisible Disabilities Week is coming up on October 18-24th, 2020. I’ve participated in this awareness campaign since 2015. This year, I’m adding to my annual campaign with some basic stats. As I’ve gotten further into my own personal journey with disability and life in Taiwan, I’ve recognized a greater need for awareness here. My goal with My Several Worlds, as always, is to create a safe space in Taiwan and in Asia where patients can come together to share knowledge and be supported.

October is a big month for me. In addition to celebrating Invisible Disabilities patients this month, we’re also celebrating World Mental Health Day on October 10th AND World Arthritis Day on October 12th.

I’m running graphics and information on my Facebook and IG accounts to help raise awareness. I hope you’ll join me on one of those accounts and help to give my awareness campaigns a boost, especially if you know someone who is living with an invisible disability – like me!

So, to those of you who are new here, I’m Carrie and I’ve been living with Anklylosing Spondylitis (axial Spondyloarthritis for those of you who know that the term has been updated!), Fibromyalgia, and MECFS as primary illnesses since 2009. Since these diseases also have an autoimmune aspect to them, you’re probably aware that chronic illnesses tend to group together. It’s not uncommon for patients like me to receive new diagnoses each year.

Like so many Spoonies, I struggle to find words to describe what my life is like living with severe limitations and daily chronic pain. I’m mostly housebound and count myself lucky if I can leave my home twice a month for two hours at a time. Things got real in the summer of July 2014 when I came out of remission with AS and my fibro and MECFS ramped up. That’s when we knew for certain that I would be relying on mobility aids more frequently.

It’s a known fact that a large part of the chronic illness community is living with an invisible illness or invisible disability. A great number of invisible disabilities are usually caused by chronic illness or chronic pain. According to, 96% of people that live with chronic medical conditions are also living with an invisible disability.

This means that you’re living invisibly with something that impairs your ability to do ‘normal activities’ each day. And since people can’t see it, that makes life doubly hard.

As an ambulatory wheelchair user, I can pass between both worlds. I am capable of standing and walking for a bit, but anything past 22 minutes on my feet usually lands me on ice packs and in bed for days. I simply don’t have the strength to stand or walk for long periods of time.

Invisible Disabilities Awareness
Learning About Invisible Disabilities with Carrie at MySeveralWorlds. Learn more about how patients live with Invisible Disabilities and why we need more awareness.

There are many reasons why a person could be an ambulatory wheelchair user. Some patients might have lower body injuries. Maybe they’re unsteady on their feet. Maybe they are fighting pain so hard every day, they simply don’t have the strength to put into walking or standing like other people do.

To make things worse, we are harassed when we don’t fit society’s idea of what ‘disabled’ looks like. We’re harassed or discriminated against if we don’t look like we should be in a wheelchair.

In the photo above, I can tell you that even going up on my toes for less than a minute to take that photo was very painful, but it looks effortless, doesn’t it?

We don’t get to come out with invisible disabilities, which is why it’s so important that we continue to advocate and raise awareness. You can’t tell if someone is blind or deaf or impaired simply by looking at them. Additionally, a great number of us who are sick don’t look sick!

Definition of an Invisible Disability

People often ask us to define invisible disability. In simple terms, an invisible disability is a physical, mental or neurological condition that is not visible from the outside, yet can limit or challenge a person’s movements, senses, or activities. Unfortunately, the very fact that these symptoms are invisible can lead to misunderstandings,  false perceptions, and judgments.

Invisible disabilities can be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or a combination of all of these. Some people have disabilities from birth, while others experience it later in life, either by accident or through illness. Disabilities cover everything from impairments, activity limitations, and restrictions in being able to participate.

Without a doubt, a disability, whether visible or not, affects an individual’s quality of life. While most of us find new ways to get around in a world that is made for able-bodied people, there are clear disadvantages to living with a disability.

How Common are Disabilities?

Two in 10 adults live with a disability! Think about that. Think of all the people you know. At least two out of every 10 adults that you have in your life are living with a disability.

The most common disability type, mobility, affects 1 in 7 adults. With age, disability becomes more common, affecting about 2 in 5 adults age 65 and older. “At some point in their lives, most people will either have a disability or know someone who has a one,” said Coleen Boyle, Ph. Disability is especially common in older adults, women and minorities.

In America, 30.6 MILLION people have difficulties navigating stairs and walking. Millions of people also suffer from agility issues such as carrying lifting, reaching and bending.

In Taiwan, the stats are dismal and out of date. I couldn’t find anything more recent than 2008 that shows one million people living with disabilities that impair their ability to navigate stairs. For reference, the population of Taiwan is 23.4 million. That number is surely higher a decade later, especially with Taiwan’s aging population.

Mental health issues are also a considered to be an invisible disability. For example, in any given year in Canada, 1 in 5 people in Canada experiences a mental health problem or illness. Over 2 million Canadians have a mental health-related disability. In Taiwan, mental health is highly stigmatized. It isn’t talked about much.

What are some examples of invisible disabilities?

Invisible disabilities are easy to overlook and they are often misunderstood. For patients living with an invisible disability, we frequently experience discrimination and or complete exclusion trying to prove that we are, in fact, disabled!

The list of hidden disabilities is long. This list is not exhaustive. If I’ve left something out, don’t worry. I see you. I hear you. I know you’re there. You’re not alone. Here’s a link to a complete list of invisible disabilities.

Invisible Disabilities – Examples

Deaf or Hearing ImpairedBlind
Arthritis & musculoskeletal health problemsAutism
CancerChronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
Chronic PainCrohn’s and other GI disorders
Cystic FibrosisDiabetes
Functional Neurological DisorderHeart disease
HIV/AIDSLung or respiratory problems
Multiple SclerosisNervous System Disorders
Traumatic Brain InjuryMany other examples…
(My physical disabilities are in bold.)

Psychiatric Invisible Disabilities – Examples

Bipolar DisorderSchizophrenia

What Do Invisible Disabilities Have in Common?

Invisible disabilities are hidden. You can’t see an invisible disability, yet they are often permanent and must be coped with on a daily basis. The only time a disability becomes visible is when mobility aids are used or when we use sign language or a white cane for vision impairments. Not being seen, recognized, or included results in many patients feeling misunderstood, ignored, or invalidated.

Some of us never receive a diagnosis. Some of us never receive qualification from our doctors about our disabilities. Some of us DO have medical letters from our doctors and STILL can’t access disability rights and safe spaces.

ALL OF US face challenges daily, especially those of us with an invisible disability.

Carrie Kellenberger, My Several Worlds

What is Invisible Disabilities Awareness?

The biggest problem that people with disabilities face are other people and society’s ideas and expectations about the word ‘disabled’.

Disability awareness means educating people about disabilities. We desperately need more awareness and education in Taiwan. It is unacceptable to see how people are treated here.

Advocates are working towards normalizing disabilities and raising awareness about it so people have the knowledge required to do a job or task that takes disabled people into consideration.

In Taiwan, prior to 1980, the term ‘disabled’ translated to ‘useless and worthless disability.’ The government was not responsible for these people nor did they provide education or awareness programs or provide funding or support to disabled people.

Families and nonprofit organizations were responsible for supporting disabled people. To this day, the prevailing attitude towards disabled people is poor. Education and awareness in Taiwan is poor.

Awareness and advocacy are key here in Taiwan just like it is elsewhere in the world. It’s not enough to know that disability discrimination is against the law. Discrimination is still actively practiced here in Taiwan DESPITE the law.

Disability Awareness Week

Invisible Disability Week is an awareness campaign that I’ve participated in for the past five years. It helps to promote better community access for people with disabilities. It helps to normalize those of us living with an invisible illness or invisible disability. Our aim is to educate and inform.

Invisible illness and invisible disabilities are difficult to live with, not only because of the challenges we face daily on a personal level, but also because of the extreme ignorance we face on any given day.

Not looking sick enough is awful to deal with. On one hand, you can pass as a healthy person, but the other side is that when you need help, people won’t believe you.

Patients with invisible disabilities that do not look sick

A personal note about myself here: When I first mentioned being disabled in front of my mom a few years ago, her immediate reaction was, “No, you’re not. You’re not disabled, Carrie.”

I didn’t know how to respond to that, but after thinking about it, I think that reaction was just my mom being my mom and not wanting to be negative. It must’ve been a shock for her to hear me say that even though she knows about the daily difficulties I face. She has seen my PEM crashes and how activities like climbing stairs and walking long distances have made me worse since 2015. She knows I have issues with mobility (walking, standing, climbing stairs) and with agility (carrying, lifting, reaching and bending).

She knows I’ve used flight assistance to get home every year. And she’s my mom! She knows exactly what I’m going through. Maybe it’s I because I used the word ‘disabled’ in front of her and she just wasn’t ready to hear me describe myself that way?

But it’s true. And we need people to help us normalize this.

Like most patients with invisible disabilities, I have some real horror stories that make me very anxious every time I leave my house. I’ve had to work at convincing people, including my own doctors, that I’m sick. A lot of people just assume you’re weak, lazy, or exaggerating. They might not see the physical signs that you’re suffering or in pain. They definitely don’t see the aftermath of what it takes to get through the day. I feel invisible in Taipei.

This kind of treatment chips away at you every day. It makes you feel defensive. It makes you not want to trust anyone. It fills you with dread, anger, and anxiety. It causes panic attacks, sorrow, and grief. It is traumatic. It sucks being judged by others when all you want to do is have a little normalcy in your life.

Never judge a person by what they look like!

If you take anything away from this article, please remember that disability does not depend on outward appearance. Remember that.

Don’t assume that you know what a person is going through based on their appearance. Society, as a whole, has real shortcomings in how disabled people are treated. We are actively fighting for better community access for people with disabilities.

Robotic exoskeletons as disability aids
KEEOGO – What a robotic exoskeleton can do for mobility compromised patients. This is a review of my experience with KEEOGO – from wheelchair to walking, jogging, squatting, and more. This is a game changer for those of us who rely on mobility aids to get around.

I'm a chronically ill Canadian who has been living in Taiwan since 2006. I'm a bit of a jack of all trades! I love art, gardening, flower arranging, reading (that's an understatement if you've seen my GoodReads profile), and snuggling with my cats. Animal videos make me cry. I hate cooking. Nothing makes me happier than seeing my garden bloom! Learning about new cultures and exploring the world has been my thing since I started traveling at age 19. A self-professed autodidact, I can speak comfortably on many different subjects and hold a special place in my heart for science, technology, law, health and medicine, and history. You can find me nerding out at home most of the time due to being chronically ill and housebound. If I'm not engaged in one of the activities listed above, I'm probably building websites. Check my About page under Carrie Kellenberger to learn why I'm taking you on this journey with me through My Several Worlds. I can't wait to get to know you better!


  • Claire

    Invisible disability is such a challenge day to day isn’t. First we have the symptoms themselves, then we have to deal with people’s prejudices (whether knowingly or not) that we aren’t really unwell.

  • Shruti Chopra

    I remember experiencing a huge shift in people from when I went from being invisibly disabled to visibly disabled. That also led to a mental shift for me because for me. I was in pain before, and I am in pain now so for me I was always a spoonie but now being a visible one, I didn’t expect people to view me differently. I suddenly got attention that made me uncomfortable but now I use that attention to do my best to educate people about the visible and invisible disabilities.

    And now when I read this post of yours, I am further educated of where things stand. I feel better armed with information I can share with others and help build awareness. Thank you Carrie.

    • Carrie Kellenberger

      Hi Shruti. I think you hit it right on the head there. When I moved to visibly disabled, there was a shift for sure. It made me very uncomfortable, and in some cases, just angry. So angry that there are so many things we have to navigate and draw attention to just to be able to participate. I’m also doing my best to educate people here, but Taiwan is really backwards. When you look at how disabled people were referred to just 50 years ago in Taiwan, it’s so disheartening. Thank you for being such a good friend, Shruti! Sending spoons.

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